Loss of livelihood for tribal people and the rural poor, as approximately 300 million people are directly dependent upon collection of non-timber forest products from forest areas for their livelihood. At the centre of a dispute over mining rights in the area. It has also suggested steps including fixing a three year time period to for industry to adjust to the data storage requirement of the country with a view to develop infrastructure for promoting digital economy. They pose a threat to the forest wealth and also to the flora and fauna, thus disturbing the bio-diversity and the ecology and environment of a region. UN figures show that some 2.7 million people have fled Venezuela since 2015 amid the crisis, and some 5,000 Venezuelans emigrate from their country each day. If the flexibility of the power system is not swiftly increased, within a few years India will reach technical and economic limits to the growth of renewables. Major exports from India that would hard hit would be cotton (not carded or combed) valued at $0.273 billion, p-Xylene ($0.082 billion), polypropylene ($0.063 billion) and single yarn ($0.088 billion). Discussion should be followed by suitable examples to justify the role of forest dwellers, for e.g. Dongria Kondh Tribe. UN Secretary-General António Guterres urged Venezuelan authorities to refrain from using lethal force against protesters. Prince Mohammed’s tour appears to be part of a Saudi “Look East” strategy because oil demand will rise in Asia in coming years. These turtles spend their entire lives in the ocean, and migrate thousands of kilometers between feeding and mating grounds in the course of a year.Â. At least four National Guard officers on 23rd February, 2019 at the border disavowed Mr. Maduro’s government and requested assistance from the Colombian government, Colombia’s migration agency had mentioned. Having practically abandoned a “balancing” approach, the Modi government has, in effect, placed its bets on Israel and the Gulf monarchies, relegating relations with Iran to the side. Anthropogenic causes- Fire is caused when a source of fire like naked flame, cigarette or bidi, electric spark or any source of ignition comes into contact with inflammable material. It endeavors to safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony among various people of the world. The 8000 strong Dongria Kondh tribe have resided in the lush green environs of the Niyamgiri Mountains for generations. Bandipur, Wayanad forests face fire fury. A major reason for the Dongria Kondh’s opposition to bauxite mining in the Niyamgiri Mountains was that it would destroy their numerous perennial hill streams. Background:About Soras The Saoras inhabit the remote ranges flanking the great Bansadhara river in southern Odisha. The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is the second largest inter-governmental organization after the United Nations with a membership of 57 states spread over four continents. “We were all going to work, we want to work, the people attempted to force through,” said Viviana Meza, 29, who works in a Cúcuta restaurant. Their vulnerable status comes from the fact that they nest in a very small number of places, and therefore any disturbance to even one nest beach could have huge repercussions on the entire population. Forest fires are considered to be deadly and catastrophic to the flora and fauna but at the same time it can be beneficial too. The Dongria live in villages scattered throughout the hills. The Niyamgiri hill range in Odisha state, eastern India, is home to the Dongria Kondh tribe. Ethnicity: Dongria Kondh people are members of the Kondhs, of the Munda ethnic group. The main Opposition had boycotted the election. In 2012-13, informal trade between India and Pakistan — estimated in a study (ICRIER, N. Taneja and S. Bimal, 2016) — was $4.71 billion, which was double when compared to formal trade. Dongria are having nuclear,monogamous and patrilineal setup. The rich, colourful, and intricate temple and mountain designs on the border and pallu of the Dongria Kondh sarees make it a piece of art among handloom sarees.Shop Dongria sarees online from Uttariya and … The Olive Ridley turtles are the smallest and most abundant of all sea turtles found in the world, inhabiting warm waters of the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans. Launched by Manmohan Singh, the current government has continued the policy of courting Riyadh. ‘Informal trade has also taken place through Afghanistan where goods are exported officially from India and later smuggled into Pakistan. Geopolitically speaking, MBS and Abu Dhabi’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed (MBZ) have over the past few years escalated their battle against political Islamist groups, including the Muslim Brotherhood. MBS’s India visit is being measured against the statements made during his Pakistan visit, where he praised Islamabad for its fight against terrorism. The sense is that Pakistan may not face an exacerbating situation with India withdrawing the MFN status and raising the import duty. About: Ethnicity: Dongria Kondh people are members of the Kondhs, of the Munda ethnic group. Dongria Kondh. About 79% area of Ganga basin is in India. The applications for regularization of residence under the Forest Rights Act (FRA), 2006 has been rejected. Question 1.Consider the following statements: Question 2.Consider the following statements about the Dongria Kondh tribe. Juan Guaidó, recognised by most Western nations as the country’s legitimate head of state, defied court orders not to leave Venezuela by arriving on 22nd February, 2019 in the Colombian border city of Cúcuta, where aid from the U.S. and Colombian governments is stockpiled in warehouses. They are carnivores, and feed mainly on jellyfish, shrimp, snails, crabs, molluscs and a variety of fish and their eggs. Question 5. Iran continues to exercise much influence in West Asia and can help shape events in Afghanistan by shoring up the Taliban against the U.S. . Most notably, this materialised in their support for Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi’s takeover of power in Egypt from the Muslim Brotherhood in 2013, and in their dispute with Qatar, a key regional backer of the group. The move comes after the attack on a Central Reserve Police Force convoy in Pulwama, Jammu and Kashmir. Informal trade may proliferate, which might not be in India’s interest and an appropriate strategy is required to bring it to a halt. The Dongrias are animistic by religion. Thirdly, given cost constraints to gas and social opposition to hydro, the scale of these traditional balancing options may be limited in India. Dangria Kondh, a sub-section of Kondh community is a primitive section of the tribe that lives in the dense forest of the Niyamgiri range. III. The Dongria Kondh tribe of Niyamgiri Hills, Odisha are among the best conservationists in the world. Concerns about the potential for violence flared on 22nd February, 2019 when the Venezuelan Army opened fire in a village near the Brazilian border after indigenous leaders attempted to prevent them from advancing, killing a woman and her husband. Dongria saree is a gift of love from the Dongria Kondh tribe of Orissa. This is beyond its already committed investments in India of $44 billion for the existing joint venture with the public sector oil undertakings and public fund investments of $10 billion. Discuss (250 words), Your email address will not be published. Removal of sand might result in the intrusion of salt in Kuttanad region. The sanctions are expected to cost Mr. Maduro’s government $11 billion in lost export proceeds. loss of biodiversity and extinction of plants and animals, loss of wildlife habitat and depletion of wildlife, loss of natural regeneration and reduction in forest cover, loss of carbon sink resource and increase in percentage of CO2 in atmosphere, change in the microclimate of the area with unhealthy living conditions, soil erosion affecting productivity of soils and production. India stands before the real prospect of being the first country in history to power its development through an early leap into renewables. Under datarubati, older men help each other for a share of liquor. Thus the issue of possible eviction of tribals, came up for discussion at the Niyamraja festival of the Dongria Kondh tribe. You have successfully subscribed to the newsletter. 2. European powers gave Mr. Maduro an ultimatum to announce fresh elections, which he rejected. IASbhai is a premier IAS institute serving the nation by producing the best civil servants who can contribute the HIGHEST STANDARDS OF ADMINISTRATION to build  NEW INDIA. On the other side, Mr. Maduro continues to face major challenges. They belong to the particularly vulnerableÂ. Each traditional and community specific jewellery is having great socio-cultural significance. As Pakistan’s relations with Iran deteriorate, it is likely to move further into the Saudi orbit. Ganga basin States stare at three-fold rise in crop failures by 2040. Combinations of different interventions such as increasing water use efficiency and implementing a ‘more job per drop’ rather than striving for wholesale crop production are needed. As expected, Prince Mohammed came bearing gifts, including a promise to collaborate on a $44-billion oil refinery, and said he expected total investment opportunities in India “to exceed $100 billion” in the coming two years. Creation of a legal and technological framework for imposing restrictions on cross-border data flow from specified sources such as data generated by users in India by various sources including e-retail platforms and social media tools has been called for by the draft national e-commerce policy which will be released soon as per the Ministry of Commerce. Niyamgiri is a hill range spread over 250 sq.km which falls under the Rayagada and Kalahandi District in Odisha. Due to their successful resistance against the Vedanta Group’s plan to mine bauxite in the ecologically and mineral-rich Niyamgiri hill range the tribe came into the limelight. Required fields are marked *. The report aims to strengthen the capacity for strategic basin planning and develop a set of scenarios for the development of the Ganga basin and build a strong and accessible knowledge base. Experts have pointed out that the drop in renewable energy tariffs in India is one of the true success stories of the last few years. The basin covers 11 states of Uttarakhand, U.P., M.P., Rajasthan, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Bihar, West Bengal and Delhi. The jewellery used by Bonda,Dongria Kondh,Lanjia Saoura, Gadaba, Didayee, Bhottada, Ho, Munda, Bhunjia, Banjara tribes deserve special admiration. The Dongria have distinctive jewellery, tattoos and hairstyles. Dongria girls wear clips in their hair and rings and beads around their necks. Recently, labour cooperatives among tribal communities in Odisha were in the news. km. Guaidó says the Venezuelan Constitution allows the president of the National Assembly to take power as interim President in the absence of an elected President. The report says that Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar are likely to face a deficit in irrigation water of 28%, 10%, 10% and 15% respectively in 2040 as compared to the current levels if no proper steps are taken. Niyamgiri is an area of densely forested hills, deep gorges and cascading streams. Its highest point is the mountain known as, The deep reverence and respect that the Dongria have for their, To make the work of the body more efficient the, One which functions at the level of clan or, The management of each clan is then done according to a more, Each group of people are dedicated to address the religious and political matters of the, It presides and solves disputes related to. Many hands ensure green fields for Odisha’s tribal villages. From India’s side, the government has studiously ignored the furore over Saudi dissident Jamal Khashoggi’s assassination — Prime Minister Modi even held a one-to-one meeting with Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman at the G-20 Summit when he was being cold-shouldered by many world leaders. Maduro’s government also has some support among the public, especially the poor, the backbone of the Chavismo government. Location: They are located in the Niyamgiri hills. Flexible’ power system key to renewables push. Moreover, Pakistan’s relations with Iran, never easy, have hit a new low following the recent terrorist attack in the Sistan-Baluchistan Province that killed 27 Revolutionary Guards. He’s unlikely to topple Mr. Maduro as long as the military is loyal to him. Part of: GS Prelims and GS-I – Society In news. km) and supporting about 43% of its population (448.3 million as per 2001 census). The feeling of collective belongingness is also strengthened. The tribes include the Dongria Kondh, Juanga, Lanjia Saura, Saura, Didayi, Paudi Bhuyan and Kandh. The Opposition has strong support both within and outside the country. This is a contested claim. The current focus of World Bank funded National Ganga River Basin Projects (NGRBP) of NMCG is on five major states on the main stem of river Ganga namely Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Bihar and West Bengal. It also acknowledged that disputes between India and Pakistan must be resolved bilaterally. When Mr. Guaidó declared himself acting President, he may have hoped that he could win over at least sections of Venezuela’s armed forces. The dongria kondh tribe upsc government seems to have taken its pick Manmohan Singh, the CURRENT government has the! Maduro are not making headway, 35, head of the work was featured in Niyamgiri... 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